August 26, 2015 AmazCitSci

Length Category:  Medium (40-100 cm)

Trophic Level:  Planktivores

Migratory Pattern:  Medium distance (100-1,000 km)

Spawning Period:  Rising

Export Market:  International (outside South America)

Market Status:  Second class

Catch Distribution:

Mapará potential yield was estimated to be approximately 12,600 tons. Four important fishery regions accounted for 92% of potential yield: Tocantins (39%), Estuary (20%), Lower Amazon (18%) and Central Amazon (16%).

Natural History Notes:

Hypophthalmus marginatus and H. edentatus are the two species most commonly exploited. Mapará yields are closely linked to phytoplankton production in the mouth-bay lakes of the lower Tocantins River, lower Xingu River and large floodplain lakes. Mapará are popular food fishes because of their high fat content. These catfish are migratory but they are captured on a large scale only while migrating in the Tocantins River and perhaps in the Xingu River as well. Elsewhere they are taken when feeding on plankton in open waters. The closing of TucuruÍ Dam resulted in a crash of mapará populations downstream of the impoundment but these seem to have somewhat recovered in the last few years.

Distribution of mapará catch.

Mapará Hypophthalmus edentatus
Mapa-racuii Hypophthalmus edentatus
Mapará Hypophthalmus marginatus
Mapa-racuii Hypophthalmus marginatus
Mapará Hypophthalmus fimbriatus
Mapa-racuii Hypophthalmus fimbriatus
Mapara Hypophthalmus fimbriatus
Mapara Hypophthalmus edentatus
Mapara Hypophthalmus marginatus
Maparate Hypophthalmus edentatus
Maparate Hypophthalmus fimbriatus
Maparate Hypophthalmus marginatus