August 25, 2015 AmazCitSci

Length Category:  Small (<40 cm)

Trophic Level:  Omnivores

Migratory Pattern:  Medium Distance (100-1,000 km)

Spawning Period:  Rising

Export Market:  Regional (in Amazon)

Market Status:  Second class

Catch Distribution:

Pacu potential yield was estimated to be approximately 7,300 tons. The Central Amazon (75%) is the most important region, followed by the Peruvian Amazon (13%).

Natural History Notes:

The pacu group of commercial fishes includes species of Mylossoma, Myleus and Metynnis. Mylossoma duriventre and Mylossoma aureus are the most important commercial species. Pacus are omnivorous, with a preference for fruits and seeds. Mylossoma species live in whitewater and clearwater rivers but are usually missing from blackwater rivers where the other pacu genera are abundant. Mylossoma species are also migratory and form large schools in whitewater and clearwater rivers.

Distribution of pacu catch.

Pacupeba Metynnis hypsauchen
Pacupeba Mylossoma aureum
Pacupeba Mylossoma duriventre
Pacu-peva Mylossoma duriventre
Pacu-jumento Myleus schomburgkii
Pacu-branco Myleus torquatus
Pacu-comum Mylossoma duriventre
Pacu-manteiga Mylossoma duriventre
Pacu-marreca Metynnis argenteus
Pacu-galo Myleus rubripinnis
Pacu-marreca Metynnis hypsauchen
Pacu-de-renda Mylossoma aureum
Pacu-comum Mylossoma aureum
Pacuí Mylossoma aureum
Pacu-manteiga Mylossoma aureum
Catirina Catoprion mento
Pacu-piranha Catoprion mento
Moneda Metynnis argenteus
Moneda Metynnis hypsauchen
Gancho-rojo Myleus rubripinnis
Garopa Myleus rubripinnis
Palometa Mylossoma aureum
Garopa Mylossoma duriventre
Garopita Mylossoma aureum
Palometa Mylossoma duriventre
Palometa Mylossoma aureum
Sabaletín Mylossoma duriventre
Sardinita Myleus rubripinnis
Palometa Myleus rubripinnis
Palometa-kuruhuara Myleus rubripinnis
Palometa Metynnis hypsauchen
Palometa Metynnis argenteus
Palometa Mylossoma aureum
Palometa Mylossoma duriventre